The following article will cover all aspects of Ginnie Mae including: What is Ginnie Mae, How does Ginnie Mae work, What are the types of Ginnie Mae and the Key Factors of Ginnie Mae.
How does Ginnie Mae work?
The government-sponsored credit organisations Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac all operate in the US credit market. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are government-sponsored entities, while Ginnie Mae is a federal government agency (GSE). All three companies have a significant presence in the mortgage finance sector in the United States.
No loans are originated by Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae, or Freddie Mac. Instead, they participate in the mortgage credit market by investing in and issuing mortgage-backed securities. While they do not originate loans directly, they do have specific needs and interests for the loans they will purchase for their securitized products.
Ginnie Mae and other government agencies purchase mortgages from banks and financial institutions, which are then bundled together and sold to investors as a single investment. Money from Ginnie Mae for the acquisition of mortgage loans for use in securitized products is an important source of cash for banks in the future when it comes to funding additional new loans. This gives lenders the option of using the revenues from Ginnie Mae-purchased loans to make new mortgage loans available to more borrowers.
What are the Types of Ginnie Mae Securities?
For the securities they issue for open market investment, Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac each have their own methods and techniques. Traditional pass-throughs and collateralized mortgage obligations are the two major forms of securities they can issue.
Pass-through: principle and interest payments are scheduled.
Collateralized mortgage obligation (CMO): a structured instrument having tranches that separate payment and maturity priorities.
Each agency has its own set of requirements for the loans it will purchase from banks. Loans originating through programmes administered by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the Rural Housing Service (RHS), and Public and Indian Housing are primarily the focus of Ginnie Mae securities (PIH).
What are the Key Factors of Ginnie Mae?
Ginnie Mae securities are a form of mortgage-backed security that Ginnie Mae offers.
Because they all have similar architecture and features, Ginnie Mae securities are sometimes lumped in with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac assets.
Ginnie Mae securities are popular among investors because they are completely guaranteed by the government, which reduces the risk of default.
Financial Consultant and Author